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Oozie Workflow Overview

Oozie is a server based Workflow Engine specialized in running workflow jobs with actions that run Hadoop Map/Reduce and Pig jobs.

Oozie is a Java Web-Application that runs in a Java servlet-container.

For the purposes of Oozie, a workflow is a collection of actions (i.e. Hadoop Map/Reduce jobs, Pig jobs) arranged in a control dependency DAG (Direct Acyclic Graph). "control dependency" from one action to another means that the second action can't run until the first action has completed.

Oozie workflows definitions are written in hPDL (a XML Process Definition Language similar to JBOSS JBPM jPDL).

Oozie workflow actions start jobs in remote systems (i.e. Hadoop, Pig). Upon action completion, the remote systems callback Oozie to notify the action completion, at this point Oozie proceeds to the next action in the workflow.

Oozie workflows contain control flow nodes and action nodes.

Control flow nodes define the beginning and the end of a workflow ( start , end and fail nodes) and provide a mechanism to control the workflow execution path ( decision , fork and join nodes).

Action nodes are the mechanism by which a workflow triggers the execution of a computation/processing task. Oozie provides support for different types of actions: Hadoop map-reduce, Hadoop file system, Pig, SSH, HTTP, eMail and Oozie sub-workflow. Oozie can be extended to support additional type of actions.

Oozie workflows can be parameterized (using variables like ${inputDir} within the workflow definition). When submitting a workflow job values for the parameters must be provided. If properly parameterized (i.e. using different output directories) several identical workflow jobs can concurrently.

WordCount Workflow Example

Workflow Diagram:

hPDL Workflow Definition:

<workflow-app name='wordcount-wf' xmlns="uri:oozie:workflow:0.1">
    <start to='wordcount'/>
    <action name='wordcount'>
        <ok to='end'/>
        <error to='end'/>
    <kill name='kill'>
        <message>Something went wrong: ${wf:errorCode('wordcount')}</message>
    <end name='end'/>

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