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Oozie Email Action Extension

3.2.4 Email action

The email action allows sending emails in Oozie from a workflow application. An email action must provide to addresses, cc addresses (optional), bcc addresses (optional), a subject and a body . Multiple recipients of an email can be provided as comma separated addresses.

The email action is executed synchronously, and the workflow job will wait until the specified emails are sent before continuing to the next action.

All values specified in the email action can be parameterized (templatized) using EL expressions.


<workflow-app name="[WF-DEF-NAME]" xmlns="uri:oozie:workflow:0.1">
    <action name="[NODE-NAME]">
        <email xmlns="uri:oozie:email-action:0.2">
            <cc>[COMMA-SEPARATED-CC-ADDRESSES]</cc> <!-- cc is optional -->
            <bcc>[COMMA-SEPARATED-BCC-ADDRESSES]</bcc> <!-- bcc is optional -->
            <content_type>[CONTENT-TYPE]</content_type> <!-- content_type is optional -->
            <attachment>[COMMA-SEPARATED-HDFS-FILE-PATHS]</attachment> <!-- attachment is optional -->
        <ok to="[NODE-NAME]"/>
        <error to="[NODE-NAME]"/>

The to and cc and bcc commands are used to specify recipients who should get the mail. Multiple email recipients can be provided using comma-separated values. Providing a to command is necessary, while the cc or bcc may optionally be used along.

The subject and body commands are used to specify subject and body of the mail. From uri:oozie:email-action:0.2 one can also specify mail content type as text/html. "text/plain" is default.

The attachment is used to attach a file(s) on HDFS to the mail. Multiple attachment can be provided using comma-separated values. Non fully qualified path is considered as a file on default HDFS. A local file cannot be attached.


The email action requires some SMTP server configuration to be present (in oozie-site.xml). The following are the values it looks for:

oozie.email.smtp.host - The host where the email action may find the SMTP server (localhost by default). =oozie.email.smtp.port= - The port to connect to for the SMTP server (25 by default). =oozie.email.from.address= - The from address to be used for mailing all emails (oozie@localhost by default). =oozie.email.smtp.auth= - Boolean property that toggles if authentication is to be done or not. (false by default). =oozie.email.smtp.username= - If authentication is enabled, the username to login as (empty by default). =oozie.email.smtp.password= - If authentication is enabled, the username's password (empty by default). =oozie.email.attachment.enabled= - Boolean property that toggles if configured attachments are to be placed into the emails. (false by default). =oozie.email.smtp.socket.timeout.ms= - The timeout to apply over all SMTP server socket operations (10000ms by default).


<workflow-app name="sample-wf" xmlns="uri:oozie:workflow:0.1">
    <action name="an-email">
        <email xmlns="uri:oozie:email-action:0.1">
            <subject>Email notifications for ${wf:id()}</subject>
            <body>The wf ${wf:id()} successfully completed.</body>
        <ok to="myotherjob"/>
        <error to="errorcleanup"/>

In the above example, an email is sent to 'bob', 'the.other.bob', 'will' (cc), yet.another.bob (bcc) with the subject and body both containing the workflow ID after substitution.

AE.A Appendix A, Email XML-Schema

<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
           xmlns:email="uri:oozie:email-action:0.2" elementFormDefault="qualified"
    <xs:element name="email" type="email:ACTION"/>
    <xs:complexType name="ACTION">
            <xs:element name="to" type="xs:string" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
            <xs:element name="cc" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
            <xs:element name="bcc" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
            <xs:element name="subject" type="xs:string" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
            <xs:element name="body" type="xs:string" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
            <xs:element name="content_type" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
            <xs:element name="attachment" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>

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